Female Entrepreneurship

 

Despite the large number of grants available to females, entrepreneurship ranges just over 1.5 percent to 45.8 percent of all adult female populations in the 59 economies studied under the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor research project. Although entrepreneurial action for women is highest in emerging economies, the proportion of women and women owned businesses vary considerably among all global economies with the United States showing a very surprising middle ground.

It is notable that a surprisingly disproportiante share of female owned entreprenuerships in developing and emerging economies are micro to medium enterprises. Often they fail before the first five years. It is unknown at this time exactly what causes these businesses to fail. Understanding the barriers these companies face and finding better solutions are necessary if we are to continue building the presence of female owned businesses worldwide.

In the United States, the number of women-owned companies are going twice the rate of all other businesses. Curren trends show that 30% of US firms are majority owned by women. The number of women-owned businesses in the United States is growing at twice the rate of all firms. This could be, part, due to the Women’s Business Act of 1988 but also to the fact that federal, state and local grants are being made to women to open their own businesses.

Some companies, like www.okclimo.org, are owned by a male and female partner whereas others are solely independent of men and hire a majority of female employees. There are not any stipulations, either local or federal, that require a company to hire a certain base percent of any gender or race. It is up to the company, with local demographics, to hire the most suitable person.

Women In Corporate America

Companies who have women on their boards generate more value to their company than companies who have no female leadership, according to the National Association of Corporate Directors. According to the 2005 Catalyst Census of Women Board of Directors, only 14.7% of all board seats in the Fortune 500 list are sat by female directors.

Even though the number of women working for Fortune 500 companies the rate of increase is very small, only one half to one full percent per year. 9 out of 10 companies will have at least one female on the board, however, one out of ten do not, which is considered exclusionary as women own half of all public stock and oversee 84% of all direct consumer spending, as well as making up nearly ½ of the workforce.

Over the next 20 years, as the baby boomer generation retires, we will start to see more women rise to the head of business organizations as views of women in business begin to change. When that happens, we can expect the percentages to be a more accurate reflection of how many women are in the workforce.

Feminism Across the Globe

It is generally accepted that feminism has come along in three waves. The first wave, extends from the later part of the 19th century to mid-20th century and encompasses Woman’s Suffrage, or the right to vote. This was a global concern, with movements in every English speaking country. New Zealand was the first to allow women to vote, (1893) while the Saudi Arabian government did not give the right women until much later (2011).

The second wave consists of what is commonly known as the sexual revolution, or Free Love Movement of the 1960’s. Once again this movement extended on a global scale and affected many rights including birth control, reproductive rights and equal wages for women. Unfortunately, there was also a backlash to this movement that is still affecting many women worldwide. We can see this backlash in the form of the restrictive governmental policies of Middle Eastern and some Asian Countries. These countries are, for the most part, allowing changes to be made to correct that backlash. However, some countries are not and are becoming more restrictive, such as Syria.

 

Feminism in Politics

Feminism is not something new. In fact, women’s rights, particularly in the West, have been a part of the political scene since the founding of America. Feminist campaigns are a major force behind historical and social changes for women’s rights: women’s suffrage, gender neutrality in English, reproductive rights, and the to enter into businesses, properties and own property are all attributed to the feminist movements.

Some feminists also include men in their scope of feminism, as they believe that men are also harmed in the gender stereotypes. Because this is a form of gender inequality, feminists are inclined to include this as a feminist ideal. There are many, many versions of feminism.

Because of the criticism that feminism only targeted the needs and issues of white, middle class women, a wide variety of movements involving specific ethnic and cultural needs has sprung up. Feminism is meant to include all women and femmefolk, which is why these movements are necessary. For example, the issues an impoverished, Hispanic single mother from Arizona will face vastly different issues than those of an educated, African-American woman would face on Wall Street.

Every woman will face her own battles and make her own choices. It is her right to do so, to make those choices as they are best for her. Nobody knows her life and needs like she does. It is our desire to see that all women, everywhere be free of oppression and have the right to make these choices.

What is feminism?

Feminism has long been an angry buzz word in the media. During the late 1970’s, the fight for equal rights took up a lot of media space and the opponents of Feminism tried their best to turn it into an ugly word that reeked of insanity and discrimination.

Nothing could be further than the truth.

Feminism is a broad term that covers a wide range of movements, ideologies, ideas and beliefs. Think of the term “Christian”. One can be a Christian and be Baptist or Lutheran, or even non-denominational, but still be called Christian. It is the same for the term Feminism. In the most broad terms, it is a movement that focuses on a common goal: to define, establish and acieve equality in political, economic, social, cultural, spiritual, personal and legal rights for women everywhere.

A feminist is someone who supports or advocates the rights of women and girls. A feminist can be male or female, cis or trans, old or young. Anyone can be a feminist and can be supportive to various degrees. There is no special handshake or secret signal for feminists. We are everywhere.

Most feminists believe that women should have the right to vote, hold public office, to work, earn equal pay, own property and credit in their own name, to educate themselves, to enter contracts and own businesses, to marry and divorce, to have maternity leave and autonomy over their own persons, and have a right to not be stalked, sexually assaulted or be the victims of domestic violence. Many feminists in the United States are pro-choice, but not all are.

At the core of the feminist movement is the idea that women have a right to make their own choices concerning their person. Every woman has a right to chose for herself in all matters, even if she’s chosen to let a male have all the power and control over her, as in the case of some religious sects.

Feminism is NOT: domination of men, elevation of women above men, the expectation of rights that are not given to other genders, destruction of traditional values or the promotion of aborortion.